Terkini di PLD:

9 Cara Adaptasi Pembelajaran untuk Mahasiswa Difabel

Salah satu kunci sukses difabel dalam belajar di perguruan tinggi adalah kemauan dosen untuk melakukan adaptasi terhadap mata kuliah yang ia ajarkan. Dalam artikel berikut disebutkan 9 cara yang bisa ditempuh oleh pengajar dalam mengakomodasi kebutuhan para difabel.

9 Ways to Adapt Instruction in Inclusive Settings
from Adapting Curriculum and Instruction in Inclusive Classrooms: A Teacher's Desk Reference, by Deschenes, C., Ebeling, D., and Sprague, J., 1994.

Retrieved September 26, 2007 from

Adapting Instruction
Even a first-year teacher will tell you that no two children learn at the same pace or in the same way. Some need lots of reinforcement; others "get it" immediately. Some read well; others get more from listening or from visuals. Some have trouble writing clearly, but express complex ideas in art or music.
Experienced teachers learn how to spot "what works" for each student and check to be sure that lessons contain activities and content that will connect for each student in the class. They also recognize that each student will require individual attention from time to time.
Adapting a classroom to accommodate a special education student is a very similar process, but the degree and scope of the adaptation may be more extensive. The underlying principle, though, remains the same. Below is a chart showing some of the adaptation strategies common in working with special education students.
Nine Ways to Adapt Instruction
Level of Support
Adapt the number of items that the learner is expected to learn or complete.

For example: If student is to know the fifty states, have students only be responsible for remembering a certain number at a time. This would be dependent on the student's level of disability.
Adapt the time allotted and allowed for learning, task completion, or testing.

For example: Allow student additional time to complete timed assignments. However, if the total project is due by a particular time, have the student complete each portion of the project over various intervals with the required finished project due at a later time.
Increase the amount of personal assistance with a specific learner.

For example: Allow for peer teaching. Pair the slower students with the more advanced students in order to provide support. Offer some sort of incentive to the more advanced student for assisting others. Design some type of contract with students that they could show to their parents indicating completion of their work and the assistance they are giving to others. Offer this as a bonus to their grades.
Adapt the way instruction is delivered to the learner.

For example: Provide students with a audio and/or video tape of the lesson. Allow for field trips, guest speakers, peer teaching, computer support, video productions performed by students, Incorporate lesson in other subjects areas
Adapt the skill level, problem type, or the rules on how the learner may approach the work.

For example: Allow the student to be creative providing that task is completed according to instructor's specifications. For example the student may draw a picture of the assignment, do an interview, etc. depending on subject. Allow the student to come up with the idea. Accept any reasonable modifications.
Adapt how the student can respond to instruction.

For example: Allow students to draw pictures, write an essay, complete specific computer software program relating to lesson.
Substitute Curriculum
Adapt the extent to which a learner is actively involved in the task.

For example: Tailor the student's participation in a task to his or her abilities, whether intellectual or physical.
Adapt the goals or outcome expectations while using the same materials.

For example: In a writing assignment, alter the expectations for a disabled student who takes longer to write a paragraph.
Provide different instruction and materials to meet a student's individual goals.

For example: Instead of discussing the reasons for the civil war, have the disabled student work on a puzzle showing the Union and Confederate states.
from Adapting Curriculum and Instruction in Inclusive Classrooms: A Teacher's Desk Reference, by Deschenes, C., Ebeling, D., and Sprague, J., 1994.

Kabar terkait ...


  1. Kabar gembira buat para pecinta judi kartu dan poker.
    dewajudiqq sebuah situs judi online terbaik dan terpercaya SE-INDONESIA yang khusus di persembahkan buat anda semua.

    DEWAJUDIQQ merupakan situs judi kartu online terbaik dan terpercaya di INDONESIA, Disini dipastikan tidak ada campur tangan BOT dalam permainan. DIJAMIN 200% play FAIR (player vs player).

    DEWAJUDIQQ mempunyai banyak bonus promo yang menarik dari pada situs JUDI lainnya.
    = Bonus Cashback/Turnover yang besar.
    = Bonus Referral/Refrensi yang sangat menguntungkan para member setia yang telah mengajak temannya bermain di DEWAJUDIQQ.

    DEWAJUDIQQ juga menyediakan banyak jenis permainan yakni.

    Minimal Deposit dan WD yang sangat murah yakni Rp.15.000,- anda sudah dapat bermain 7jenis permainan di sini.

    SUPPORT BANK NASIONAL yang disediakan oleh DEWAJUDIQQ, memastikan segala proses transaksi para member akan dilakukan secara CEPAT, AMAN dan NYAMAN.

    Dengan support SISTEM TERBARU membuat anda para member DEWAJUDIQQ , dapat mengakses segala jenis permainan dari smartphone anda.DEWAJUDIQQ sudah menggunakan sistem terkini yakni mensupport anda bermain di IOS dan ANDROID.

    Anda dapat langsung mengunjungi situs resmi kami dewajudiqq

    Bila anda mempunyai pertanyaan silahkan langsung menghubungi kami di
    Twitter : dewajudiqq99
    Facebook : dewajudiqq
    BBM : 2AF2314F
    WA : +85593827763

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. Ayuk Join Di Situs KARTUVIPQQ dan jangan lewatkan JP nya bosku ^^

    Situs Judi Online Poker Teraman Dan Terpercaya,
    Ajak Temen Anda Bermain Bermain Di KARTUVIPQQ,
    Karena Ada bonus Referral Sebesar 20% Buat Yang ajak Temennya Bermain
    Jangan Takut Kemenangan Anda Tidak Di Bayar,
    Berapapun Kemenangan Member Akan Di Bayar Full Tanpa Potongan Sepersen pun

    . Semuanya Serba Praktis
    . Hanya Modal Rp.15.000,- Anda Sudah Bisa Bermain
    . Transaksi Deposit Dan Withdraw Praktis, Cepat, mudah Dan Aman
    . Server Yang Sangat Cepat Dan Ringan
    . Cukup Satu Akun Sudah Bisa Bermain Semua Game
    . Bonus Referral Sebesar 20%
    . Bisa Main Kapan saja Dan Dimana Saja Anda Berada
    . Kenyamanan Member Adalah Perioritas Utama
    . Customer Service Yang Sopan Dan Profesional
    . Pelayanan 24 jam
    . Support Bank : BCA, BNI, BRI, MANDIRI,danamon dan seluruh bank.


    Untuk info lebih lanjut silahkan hubungi CS kami yang ramah dan siap 24 jam melayani anda :
    LINE : kartuvipqq
    WHATSAPP : +85510791654
    Wechat : kartuvipqq

  4. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I
    provide credit and sources back to your weblog? My website is in the
    exact same niche as yours and my visitors would really benefit from some of the information
    you provide here. Please let me know if this okay with you.
    Jual Burner Gas Riello 40 GSD
    Jual Burner Boiler Gas
    Jual Burner Boiler Solar
    Jual Burner Gas Terlengkap di indonesia
    Jual Burner Solar Terlengkap
    Jual Burner Gas 5/2
    Jual Burner untuk AMP
    Jual Burner oven
    Jual Burner Solar Rotary Dryer AMP